How to sign up for unemployment in Spain

How to sign up for unemployment in Spain

Signing up for unemployment , or ” Signing up for unemployment ” is the most common procedure when we are unemployed. It is the previous step when applying for unemployment benefits.

Sign up for online unemployment in Spain

Registering as a job seeker is the most common in Spain, so it is important to ” sign up for unemployment ” in order from unemployment benefits, free sepe courses or unemployed aid from SEPE.

Where to make an appointment to sign up for unemployment while unemployed?

The first thing we will have to do to register for unemployment is to go to the Autonomous Employment Service of your autonomous community. This is called the SEPE State Public Employment Service (formerly Inem).

Not in all the autonomous communities you will know him by the SEPE, for example, in Catalonia it is known as the SOC, (if you are from there, ask for an appointment at the SOC here).

We will have to go to the employment office to be able to register as a job seeker and thus be able to request any help or unemployment benefit .

List of Autonomous Employment Service by Autonomous Communities

To know where you have to go to sign up for unemployment, look at the list we put you down here, and depending on where you live, you will have to go to those offices in question.

Aragon Instituto Aragonés de Empleo (INAEM)
Asturias Servicio Público de Empleo del Principado de Asturias (SEPEPA)
Balearic Islands Servei d’Ocupació de les Illes Balears (SOIB)
Canary Islands Servicio Canario de Empleo (SCE)
Cantabria Servicio Cántabro de Empleo (EMCAN)
Castilla la Mancha Consejería de Economía, Empresas y Empleo de Castilla la Mancha (SEPECAM)
Castile and Leon Servicio Público de Empleo de Castilla y León (ECYL)
Catalonia Servei d’Ocupació de Catalunya (SOC)
Valencian Community Servici Valencià d’Ocupació i Formació (SERVEF)
Estremadura Servicio Extremeño Público de Empleo (SEXPE)
Galicia Servizo Público de Emprego de Galicia
The Rioja Servicio Riojano de Empleo (SRE)
Madrid Consejería de Empleo de la Comunidad de Madrid
Navarra Servicio Navarro de Empleo (SNE)
Basque Country Servicio Vasco de Empleo (LANBIDE)
Murcia Servicio Regional de Empleo y Formación de Murcia (SEFCARM)
Ceuta and Melilla Servicio Público de Empleo Estatal (SEPE)

When you locate your autonomous community, click on the link next to know where the office is. You can also do it by clicking on the button below, it is a SEPE office search engine.

Documents needed to register for unemployment

Previously, before going to the employment office and enrolling in unemployment as a job seeker , you will have to have the following documentation ready , otherwise you will not be able to sign up for unemployment:

  • Your ID : If you are a foreigner, you will need your NIE with your Passport and / or work / residence permission/
  • Social Security Number : Foreigners will need to present if they have already worked in Spain.
  • Curriculum Vitae to find new job

Is it necessary to make an appointment to sign up for unemployment?

In this case, to register for unemployment you will not have to make an appointment, you will have to go directly to the corresponding employment office.

On the contrary, if we want to manage benefits, subsidies or any kind of financial aid, we will have to make an appointment at INEM.

We will also have to make an appointment in the following cases:

  • Prior appointment for the DNI-Passport
  • Previous appointment Social Security

    Requirements to sign up for unemployment

  • Be at least 16 years old , if you are under 16 you will not be able to sign up for unemployment.
  • Nor can you if you have any permanent disability.
  • Be Spanish , or member of the European Union, or have a residence or work permit.
  • If you are a non-community foreign worker you can register.
  • There are few requirements to sign up and register for unemployment.

It is mandatory once we run out of work to register as a job seeker, since all are advantages for your future work and economic.

But do not forget, that once you have signed up, you are obliged to renew the demand for employment , and you will also receive free training.

Why do you have to register for unemployment?

If you are going to want to receive and process unemployment benefits , you will have to be legally unemployed (signed up for unemployment).

Once you are registered, you will receive a sheet (better known as a DARDE document ), with this document you are justifying your legal unemployment situation .

More benefits for being registered in unemployment:

  • Receive tax benefits and subsidies, in addition to family help.
  • Free training with subsidized courses.
  • Have job offers at your disposal.

Can you sign up for online unemployment?

sign up for online unemployment

As a general rule, no

You will have to go personally to the Employment Office, since they will conduct an interview in order to create a job profile, in case a job arises that they can call you if you fit the profile they are looking for.

But in some autonomous communities , if you can sign up for unemployment on the Internet, not in all, anyway we recommend only this option to those people who cannot physically go to the Employment Office because of their family situation.

Renew the demand for employment

We will have to renew the demand for employment every three months, this procedure is called “ sealing the strike ”.

When they give you the DARDE Document when you register , the following date will appear on which you will have to seal the strike (renew the demand). This is important so as not to lose the benefits of being enrolled in unemployment, there are grants that for spending a year signed up for unemployment, you will receive financial assistance.

But it is not enough to just sign up for unemployment, you will also have what :

Be in active job search

Go to the interviews that the Employment Services tell you.
Do not reject jobs.
Seal unemployment every three months without delays.
Go to the Employment Offices when they call us.


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